Every CIO has heard of the Internet of things at the Gartner conference and for the first few weeks even discusses it at the staff meetings. But, there ends the story. Before enterprises can think about Internet of things, you need to do a health check and see if there are opportunities for adopting mobile to improve revenue, productivity, efficiency or innovation.
At this week’s “Intel's coming-out party for the Internet of Things”, the dancing robots and death-defying bikes took the center stage. You must be thrilled at this announcement and look forward to adopt these chips in your organizations. Yet, there is a long way to go before these things can become mainstream. The first step in this process would be to adopt mobile in your enterprise.
Unless you start adopting mobile, IoT would become a far-fetched dream that competitors would embrace and forge ahead of you.
Why is that important you might ask? Having worked on enterprise mobile for a few years now, I have seen enterprise mobility providing tremendous functionality at the fingertips of employees. This is powerful when the mobile functionality can be extended to the sensors that can detect and send signals (this is the foundation of the IOT) Unless enterprises step up and embrace mobile to 1. Increase revenue 2.boost employee productivity and 3. Increase efficiencies, the chances of them adopting IOT is remote. Once the mobile tools and techniques are in place, the transition to Internet of things would occur organically.
So, how can enterprise mobile bring value to the table? Take a look at this article Five digital disruptors talk successes and strategies And you will begin to understand why it is such a big deal.
Michael Nilles is the CIO of the Schindler Group, a 141-year old elevator and escalator manufacturing business. He is the winner of this year's MIT Sloan CIO Leadership Award, and alludes to "a real-time maintenance system that connects sensor technology with mobile applications, creating a "digital tool case" for the company's more than 20,000 field workers. If a machine goes offline, sensors send an alert to a central dispatch, where the next course of action is automatically decided, including assigning and even prioritizing the work to a technician in the area"
If you are a warehouse supervisor and you are wondering how to replenish your goods, what orders to be placed is at your fingertips on your device and you just need to approve a PO against the contract with your supplier. Since you are not tied down to your desk, you can walk around the warehouse ensuring that the desired goods are indeed depleted and deactivate temperature control under the replenishment occurs.
And similar to this article, you can also find uses where a driver on the move is tracked with the map feature and also clicks on delivery confirmation, which is in-turn connected to the back end system where inventory is deducted. The trick is to ensure that you act just in time along with no superfluous activities on the device.
It is not just logistics or manufacturing as described above. You can see healthcare, transportation, education, energy and other industries use the enterprise apps to increase their daily efficiency.
The question is not should you but when do you plan to adopt mobile applications internally as well as extend to your customers. This will be the single differentiator to beat competition in this ever-adopting world of digital innovation.
A recent article in BigThink listed the 7 components of a mobile first strategy. The one that most resonated with me was ‘Make it easy to work for you too’. It speaks about “Rather than have customer service reps tied to a computer at a counter, you can give them a tablet with key apps that enable them to help customers on the floor in real time.” This means that empowering your employees with Mobile apps helps in customer engagement directly or indirectly.
A survey on mobile strategy revealed that most CIOs have not got a prioritized mobile strategy. ‘6% of CIOs responded that they use a blend of apps and mobile-friendly web pages, and 11% favor creating mobile-friendly web pages over apps’. Clearly there is a need for prioritizing mobile as the pressure from employees and business is increasing.
In a recent report, Gartner mentioned ‘Through 2016, mobile devices and applications will continue to offer many opportunities for commercial and technical innovation.’ And the pressure for innovation is heavy on today’s CIO more than ever before. How does the IT department deliver ‘efficiencies inside the organization and at the same time deliver innovate products and services for customers?’
They need to act fast and with cost efficiencies to increase employee productivity, company revenue and in some cases gain new customers. But, the world of mobile is complex – with multiple devices, network providers and the vicissitudes of mobile technology. Once it is deconstructed with the following three foundation stones, the implementation becomes fast and most efficient.
The foremost question is should the company incur the cost of providing and maintaining devices or should the employee be responsible for their own devices (BYOD). While the former might mean that each employee has to toggle between their personal devices and that of the organization, it would also provide organizations with complete control over the devices and the data – PII data, Customer/revenue information or any other propriety details.
On the other hand, it would mean tedious user experience for employees and loss in productivity as they switch between devices. But is it possible to protect company data and information on an employee’s personal device? The answer is Yes. Today, there are technologies available in the marketplace (Good Technology, Air Watch, Mobile Ironhttps://www.mobileiron.com/en etc.) that segregates personal information of the employees and the company data in two separate containers.
The employee must agree to the organization terms of control over the company data. They should also be assured about how their personal information cannot be accessed by the organization and once they quit the organization, the employer container would be deleted.
Having said that, one should be aware about the increasing cost of supporting multitude of devices and versions of devices. A good place to start is to limit it to two major devices (iphone and Android rule the market) and (N-2) versions ( eg, iphone 6 and iphone 5s etc.) In case of employer providing the devices these principles of enterprise device management, the actual devices and versions supported still hold true.
There are multiple ways to build the application user interface 1. By coding in a language that the device can understand for eg, iOS platform for iPhones and Android platform for any Android based devices – this is called native application development. It would also mean that transportability across devices is expensive since once you start coding for an iPhone, you would stick to an iPhone in future since the cost of switching to Android is prohibitive.
Is there a less expensive way to go about achieving this?
The answer lies in a platform agnostic mobile development that is extensible. What this means is that you can develop your application in a language that can be understood across iphone or Android devices. It also means employing development tools and techniques that are widely adoptable in the industry and have easy integration protocols. It can also be used as a platform that easily supports both disconnected and connected use cases.
HTML5/Angular JS are the trending development tools in this category. But, a prototype of building your use case with this will determine what other native app components are required. There are also limitations of this platform since it does not support all native application functionalities for example, it cannot use the camera of your device. In case your application needs the camera of your phone then a little bit of native code needs to be written. This is termed the Hybrid approach – where most of the application is developed in a standard device-agnostic development platform and incorporate a little bit of native code for specific use cases.
1.Single Sign-On –Enterprise Single Sign-On enables user credentials across local and network boundaries so that end users do not have to remember different login credentials for different apps. MDM tools like MobileIron Tunnel have the capability to work with your identity management system and enable this functionality
2.Security standards – Ensure device access control that protects the device and requires successful recognition of password, pattern swipe, biometric scan etc. Data Loss Prevention software uses encrypted on-device data storage (“containerization”), policy-defined cut-and-paste controls (to prevent data “leakage”), and/or website access control via URL filtering to restrict the intentional or inadvertent non-compliant sharing of protected content. For Application security, the MDM tool provides the ability to whitelist or blacklist the applications that are secure or unsecure.
Every organization needs to lay out the three key elements of Mobile Strategy for faster turnaround time for business requests.